What is rhodesia called now
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Rhodesia was the de facto successor state to the British colony of Southern Rhodesia , which had been self-governing since achieving responsible government in A landlocked nation, Rhodesia was bordered by South Africa to the south, Bechuanaland later Botswana to the southwest, Zambia to the northwest, and Mozambique a Portuguese province until to the east. In the late 19th century, the territory north of the Transvaal was chartered to the British South Africa Company , led by Cecil Rhodes. Rhodes and his Pioneer Column marched north in , acquiring a huge block of territory that the company would rule until the early s. In , the company's charter was revoked, and Southern Rhodesia attained self-government and established a legislature. The decolonisation of Africa in the early s alarmed a significant proportion of Rhodesia's white population.
Federation of Rhodesia and Nyasaland , also called Central African Federation , political unit created in and ended on Dec. From the s white European settlers in the Rhodesias had sought some form of amalgamation to counter the overwhelming numerical superiority of black Africans, but this had been blocked by a British Colonial Office that was sensitive to profound African opposition. After World War II the growth of secondary industries and greatly increased white immigration in Southern Rhodesia, compounded by the copper boom in Northern Rhodesia, led white political leaders and industrialists to urge even more strongly the advantages of an amalgamated territory that would provide larger markets and be able to draw more freely on black labour, especially in Nyasaland. Blacks in Northern Rhodesia and Nyasaland consistently opposed the federation, which they feared would be dominated by Southern Rhodesia. Throughout the s policies in the federation were seen to be largely to the advantage of the white population of the south. Black discontent came to a head in , when the growing Nyasaland nationalist movement led to widespread disturbances. A state of emergency was declared, and many nationalists were detained without trial.
Rhodesia is a historical region in southern Africa whose formal boundaries evolved between Northern and Southern Rhodesia were sometimes informally called "the Rhodesias". The term "Rhodesia" was first used to refer to the region by.
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Rhodesia , region, south-central Africa, now divided into Zimbabwe in the south and Zambia in the north. Named after British colonial administrator Cecil Rhodes , it was administered by the British South Africa Company in the 19th century and exploited mostly for its gold, copper, and coal deposits. In it was divided into Northern and Southern Rhodesia present-day Zambia and Zimbabwe, respectively ; Southern Rhodesia became a self-governing British colony and Northern Rhodesia a British protectorate They joined with Nyasaland to become the Federation of Rhodesia and Nyasaland See also Malawi.
The Independent revisits the life of a notable figure. When the final history of the decolonisation of Africa is written, Ian Smith will merit little more than a footnote. He will be remembered as a small-minded Canute who tried to resist the tide of black rule sweeping inexorably across the continent. Had he never existed, the history of the middling-sized, stunningly beautiful country now called Zimbabwe but once known as Southern Rhodesia, and under Smith as plain Rhodesia, might have been much the same. His father, Jock Smith, had emigrated from Scotland to Rhodesia in , on the eve of the Boer war, and settled at the small rural town of Selukwe, now called Shurugwi. There he ran a farm and a mine, bred racehorses, and chaired the local rugby and cricket clubs.
Zimbabwe profile - Timeline
Paul Moorcraft looks at the struggle to maintain white supremacy in what is now Zimbabwe, a hundred years after Cecil Rhodes' pioneers carved out a British colony there. Ian Smith. - Rhodesia is a historical region in southern Africa whose formal boundaries evolved between the s and Demarcated and named by the British South Africa Company BSAC , which governed it until the s, it thereafter saw administration by various authorities.
Rhodesia's War of Independence
In the sepia-toned photo, two white soldiers patrol on foot over brush and rocky ground. Lean and bearded, they carry what appear to be Belgian rifles, and they wear an unusual uniform cloth jungle hats, short shorts and tennis shoes associated with a military unit that was disbanded nearly 40 years ago. Not long after Rhodesia ceased to exist, it became morally untenable to mourn its disappearance. As the rest of the world woke up to the injustices of Western colonialism and its system of white-minority governments, the Selous Scouts and their cause became taboo. But late last year, the image of two Scouts began to circulate on Instagram, part of a social-media resurgence of Rhodesia as a source of inspiration. Photos of soldiers marching through grassland and rivers, special-forces units jumping out of helicopters and civilians posing in front of their homes with rifles collected hundreds, sometimes thousands, of likes on posts seeming to offer tribute to a hardened and forgotten cadre of Cold War-era bush fighters. The online movement also caught the attention of opportunistic apparel marketers who started selling Rhodesian-themed T-shirts, posters and patches, among other collectibles.