Where did 40 acres and a mule come from

Forty Acres and a Mule

where did 40 acres and a mule come from

Forty acres and a mule is part of Special Field Orders No. 15, a post-Civil War promise Several black communities did maintain control of their land, and some families The phrase "40 acres and a mule" has come to symbolize the broken.

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The phrase Forty Acres and a Mule described a promise many freed slaves believed the U. A rumor spread throughout the South that land belonging to plantation owners would be given to former slaves so they could set up their own farms. Army in January Sherman, following the capture of Savannah, Georgia, ordered that abandoned plantations along the Georgia and South Carolina coasts be divided up and plots of land be given to freed blacks. However, Sherman's order did not become permanent government policy. And when lands confiscated from former Confederates were returned to them by the administration of President Andrew Johnson , the freed slaves who had been given 40 acres of farmland were evicted. When a Union Army led by General Sherman marched through Georgia in late , thousands of newly freed blacks followed along.

Many historians trace the phrase to General William T.
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By Libby Coleman. Democracy or hypocrisy? Read more. The South was smoldering. A victory for the Union forces was just a few months away.

Forty acres and a mule is part of Special Field Orders No. Sherman later ordered the army to lend mules for the agrarian reform effort. The field orders followed a series of conversations between Secretary of War Edwin M. Stanton and Radical Republican abolitionists Charles Sumner and Thaddeus Stevens [1] following disruptions to the institution of slavery provoked by the American Civil War. Many freed people believed, after being told by various political figures, that they had a right to own the land they had long worked as slaves, and were eager to control their own property. Freed people widely expected to legally claim 40 acres of land a quarter-quarter section and a mule after the end of the war. Some freedmen took advantage of the order and took initiatives to acquire land plots along a strip of South Carolina, Georgia and Florida coasts.

When the U.S. Promised Former Slaves 40 Acres and a Mule

Republish our articles for free, online or in print, under Creative Commons licence. In the aftermath of World War II, however, the term began to acquire a broader meaning, extending to compensation for those injured by the actions of a state.

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As Northern armies moved through the South at the end of the war, blacks began cultivating land abandoned by whites. Rumors developed that land would be seized from Confederates, and given or sold to freedmen. These rumors rested on solid foundations: abolitionists had discussed land redistribution at the beginning of the war, and in President Abraham Lincoln ordered 20, acres of land confiscated in South Carolina sold to freedmen in twenty-acre plots. Secretary of the Treasury Salmon Chase expanded the offering to forty acres per family. In January General William T. Sherman met with twenty African American leaders who told him that land ownership was the best way for blacks to secure and enjoy their newfound freedom. The order reserved coastal land in Georgia and South Carolina for black settlement.

The promise was the first systematic attempt to provide a form of reparations to newly freed slaves, and it was astonishingly radical for its time, proto-socialist in its implications. That account is half-right: Sherman prescribed the 40 acres in that Order, but not the mule. The mule would come later. But what many accounts leave out is that this idea for massive land redistribution actually was the result of a discussion that Sherman and Secretary of War Edwin M. The meeting was unprecedented in American history.

40 Acres and A Mule Revisted.

We've all heard the story of the “40 acres and a mule” promise to former slaves. It's a staple of black The mule would come later.) But what many What did they tell Sherman and Stanton that the Negro most wanted? Land! “The way we can.
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    On this day in , General William T.

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